‘We report the design, synthesis, and assembly of the 1.08-Mbp Mycoplasma mycoides JCVI-syn1.0 genome starting from digitized genome sequence information and its transplantation into a Mycoplasma capricolum recipient cell to create new Mycoplasma mycoides cells that are controlled only by the synthetic chromosome. The only DNA in the cells is the designed synthetic DNA sequence, including “watermark” sequences and other designed gene deletions and polymorphisms, and mutations acquired during the building process. The new cells have expected phenotypic properties and are capable of continuous self-replication.’
For 15 years, J. Craig Venter has chased a dream: to build a genome from scratch and use it to make synthetic life. Now, he and his team at the J. Craig Venter Institute (JCVI) in Rockville, Maryland, and San Diego, California, say they have realized that dream. In this week’s Science Express (www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/science.1190719), they describe the stepwise creation of a bacterial chromosome and the successful transfer of it into a bacterium, where it replaced the native DNA. Powered by the synthetic genome, that microbial cell began replicating and making a new set of proteins.
Genomics: Synthetic Genome Brings New Life to Bacterium
Whether you’re young or old person there is always time to study, especially now when you can do it right online, to learn Biology for instance. Studying biology gives you the opportunity to advance human knowledge and understanding in today’s world, in order to make a difference to tomorrow’s. However I don’t think much of a man who is not wiser today than he was yesterday.
There are facts you might be dont know:
97% of people getting a new pen, write firstly their first name.
Deers love to eat bananas the most.
Approximately 10% of people in the world are left-handers.
Every person need an average of 7 minutes to become asleep.
Each time while you’re licking a postage stamp you get 1 / 10 calories.
Language of chameleon is twice longer as himself.
Ants never sleep.
World population in 5000 BC was 5 million people.
If the Earth rotated in the opposite direction the year would have two days less.
The largest recorded hailstone fell on the Koffeyvill (Kansas, USA). It’s weight was almost 700 grams.
An ostrich egg should be boiled for at least 40 minutes.
From 1 gram of gold can be pulled up 3,5 km long wire.